En 16d Adel and Ifkia

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    Ott 2023

    16d. Adel and Ifkia

    [154/17] Now I will write about Adel, his son:

    Friso, who had learned our history from the Book of the Adelings,[1] did everything possible to win their friendship. His first son born here by his wife, Sweethirte, he unhesitatingly named Adel. And, although he resisted with all his power the planning or rebuilding of burgs, he still sent his son Adel to the burg at Texland, so that he would become thoroughly acquainted with all that concerns our laws, language, and ethics. When Adel was twenty years old, Friso brought [155] him into his own school. And when he had finished there, Friso sent him to travel throughout all the states.

    Adel was an amiable young man. On his travels, he won many allies. This is why the folk called him ‘Atharik’ — that is: ‘rich in allies’,[2] something that was useful to him later, for, when his father died, he succeeded him without anyone suggesting another alderman be chosen.

    While Adel was an apprentice at Texland, there was also a very lovely maiden at the burg. She was from the Saxonmarks, from a state called Suobaland.[3] Therefore, she was known at Texland as ‘Suobene’, although her name was Ifkia.

    Adel had fallen in love with her, and she loved him, but his father urged him to yet wait. Adel was obedient, but as soon as his father died and he was enthroned, he instantly sent heralds to Berthholda, Ifkia’s father, to ask for his daughter’s hand. Berthholda was a prince of unblemished morals. He had sent Ifkia as an apprentice to Texland in the hope that she would one day be chosen as burgmaid in his own land. But once he learned of their mutual desire, he conceded and gave them his blessing.

    Ifkia was a [156] sharp-edged Frya.[4] As far as I knew her, she worked and campaigned unremittingly to reunite Frya’s children under the same laws and under one alliance. To win the hearts of the people, she traveled with her bridegroom from the home of her father, through all the Saxonmarks, and then on to Geartmania. (Geartmania was the name the Geartmen had given to their state, which they had obtained through Gosa’s policies.) From there, they went to the Denmarks; from the Denmarks they went by ship to Texland; from Texland, they went to West Fleeland and so along the seacoast to Walhallagara.[5] From Walhallagara, they continued along the southern Rhine until, with great apprehension, they arrived beyond the Rhine at the place of the Lake-dwellers (Marsata),[6] of whom our Apollania has written. After they had stayed there a while, they returned to the delta.

    As they had been descending for some time towards the delta and had reached the region of the old burg Aken, four of their manservants were unexpectedly murdered and stripped naked. They had fallen a little behind. My brother, who was present on all these travels, had often forbidden them to do so. But they had not heeded him. The brutes [157] who had done it were Twisklanders, who nowadays boldly cross the Rhine to kill and rob. (The Twisklanders were banished and fugitive children of Frya, but their wives they stole from the Tartars. The Tartars are a brown Finda’s folk, thus named because they provoke (‘tarta’) all nations to battle. They are all riders and robbers. This is how the Twisklanders have become so bloodthirsty.) The Twisklanders who had committed this crime called themselves ‘Freemen’ or ‘Franks’. My brother said there were red, brown, and white-haired among them. Those with red or brown hair bleached their hair white with limewater but, as their faces remained brown, this made them even more repulsive.

    Just like Apollania, the two concluded their journey with a visit to Lydasburg and the Alderga. Thereupon, they toured about the regions of Staveren, where dwelt their constituency. They had behaved so affably that, everywhere they went, the people wished them to stay. Three months later, Adel sent messengers to all the allies he had made, urging them to send him lucid men in the Minne month (May).

    [apparently a part is missing here]


    1. Or: Book of the Adela-Followers.
    2. Compare Athanaric, “king of the Visigoths”, who would have reigned from 369-381 CE.
    3. Suobaland (SVÔBA.LÁND) — German: Schwabenland, English: Swabia — between the Black Forest (north) and Lake Constance (south).
    4. ‘sharp-edged’ (KANT) — explained in West-Frisian dictionary by Pannekeet (1984): “Literally, kant or kantig means ‘still having sharp edges’, that is: not eroded, unpolished, still whole or sound.”
    5. ‘Walhallagara’ (WAL.HALLA.GÁRA) — possibly related to Walcheren, a former island in the Dutch province Zeeland.
    6. Marsata (MÁRSATA) — Compare Marsacii, a tribe living within the area of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta.

    Sandbach 1876

    [p.209 cont.] Now I will write about his son Adel.

    Friso, who had learned our history from the book of the Adelingen, had done everything in his power to win their friendship. His eldest son, whom he had by his wife Swethirte, he named Adel; and although he strove with all his might to prevent the building or restoring any citadels, he sent Adel to the citadel of Texland in order to make himself better acquainted with our laws, language, and customs. When Adel was twenty years old Friso brought him into his own school, and when he had fully educated him he sent him to travel through all the states. Adel was an amiable young man, and in his travels he made many friends, so the people called him Atharik—that is, rich in friends—which was very useful to him afterwards, for when his father died he took his place without a question of any other count being chosen.

    While Adel was studying at Texland there was a lovely maiden at the citadel. She came from Saxenmarken, from the state of Suobaland, therefore she was called at Texland Suobene,[1] although her name [p.211] was Ifkja. Adel fell in love with her, and she with him, but his father wished him to wait a little. Adel did as he wished; but as soon as he was dead, sent messengers to Berthold, her father, to ask her in marriage. Berthold was a prince of high-principled feelings. He had sent his daughter to Texland in the hope that she might be chosen Burgtmaagd in her country, but when he knew of their mutual affection he bestowed his blessing upon them. Ifkja was a clever Frisian. As far as I have been able to learn, she always toiled and worked to bring the Frya's people back under the same laws and customs. To bring the people to her side, she travelled with her husband through all Saxenmarken, and also to Geertmannia — as the Geertmen had named the country which they had obtained by means of Goss. Thence they went to Denmark, and from Denmark by sea to Texland. From Texland they went to Westflyland, and so along the cost to Walhallagara; thence they followed the Zuiderryn (the Waal), till, with great apprehension, they arrived beyond the Rhine at the Marsaten of whom our Apollonia has written.[2] When they had stayed there a little time, they returned to the lowlands.[3] When they had been some time descending towards the lowlands, and had reached about the old citadel of Aken, four of their servants were suddenly murdered and stripped. They had loitered a little behind. My brother, who was always on the alert, had forbidden them to do so, but they did not listen to him. The murderers that had committed this crime were Twisklanders, who had at that time audaciously crossed the Rhine to murder and to steal. The Twisklanders are banished and fugitive children of Frya, [p.213] but their wives they have stolen from the Tartars. The Tartars are a brown tribe of Finda's people, who are thus named because they make war on everybody. They are all horsemen and robbers. This is what makes the Twisklanders so bloodthirsty. The Twisklanders who had done the wicked deed called themselves Frijen or Franken. There were among them, my brother said, red, brown, and white men. The red and brown made their hair white with lime-water[4] — but as their faces remained brown, they were only the more ugly. In the same way as Apollonia, they visited Lydasburgt and the Alderga. Afterwards they made a tour of all the neighbourhood of Stavera. They behaved with so much amiability, that everywhere the people wished to keep them. Three months later, Adel sent messengers to all the friends that he had made, requesting them to send to him their "wise men" in the month of May.[5]

    Notes Sandbach

    1. Hamconius, page 8. Suobinna.
    2. See page 151.
    3. Delta, still in use in North Holland for swampy land.
    4. Diodorus Siculus, V. 28.
    5. Here the copyist, Hiddo oera Linda, has turned over a leaf too much, and has thus omitted two pages.

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