En 16e Purity of Language
16e. Gosa: Purity of Language
[157/32] His wife, he said, who  had been maiden at Texland, had received a copy of it.
At Texland, many writings are still found which are not copied in the Book of the Adelings. One of these was a text that Gosa had added to her last will, to be made public by the oldest maiden Albeth as soon as Friso had died. Here is the writing with Gosa’s advice:
“When Wralda gave children to the mothers of mankind, he laid one language in all tongues and on all lips. This gift Wralda bestowed upon men to let each other know what must be avoided and what must be pursued to find blessedness and hold it for eternity. Wralda is wise, good, and all-foreseeing. As he knew that good fortune and happiness must flee from Earth when malice can betray virtue, he attached a righteous property to this language. This property consists of the impossibility to tell lies or speak deceptive words without stammering or blushing, by which means the evil-hearted  can instantly be identified. Because our language thus guides one to joy and gladness, and thereby helps keep watch against evil inclinations, its name ‘God’s language’ is fully justified, and all those who hold it in honor, take good from it.
But what has happened? As soon as deceivers arose among our half-sisters and half-brothers, who presented themselves as God’s servants, things changed at once. The deceptive priests and the bitter-cruel princes, who always conspired together, wanted to live as they pleased and bypass God’s laws. In their wickedness, they went about inventing different languages, so as to speak secretly in the presence of others about all evil things and about all unworthy things without a stammer betraying them or a blush tainting their visage.
And what was born of that? Just as the seed of good plants germinates under the ground when openly sown by good men in the bright of day, so time brings to light the harmful plants that were sown by evil men in secret and in darkness.  The lurid girls and unmanly boys who prostituted themselves to the vile priests and princes enticed the new languages from their bed partners. That is how these languages spread amongst the peoples, until they altogether forgot God’s language.
Would you like to know what has become of this? Now that stammering or the face no longer betray their evil thoughts, virtue has vanished from their midst; wisdom followed and freedom went with it. Unity has been lost and discord has taken its place. Love has fled and promiscuity shares a table with envy; and where justice once ruled, rules now the sword! All have become slaves: the people to their masters, and the masters to envy, evil lusts, and greed. If they had invented only one language, things might yet have gone well. But they contrived as many languages as there are states, so that one folk can understand another folk no more than the cow understands the dog, or the wolf the sheep. The steersmen can testify to this.
Now things are such that all slave folks consider each other  strangers, and that, as punishment for their carelessness and their recklessness, they must continue fighting and warring with each other until all are destroyed.
So here is my advice:
If you are so rapacious that you desire alone to inherit the earth, you ought never again let any other language pass your lips than God’s language, and you ought to make sure that your own language remains free of foreign sounds. Even if you wish some children of Lyda and Finda to remain, still you must do the same.
The language of the East Skeanlanders was debased by the vile Magyars, and the language of the Kelta-Followers was debased by the creeping Gools. We have indeed been so generous as to take the returning Hellenia-Followers back into our midst, but I hesitate and am very afraid that they will reward our generosity by debasing our pure language.
We have endured much, but among all burgs that were damaged and destroyed in the bad time, Earth has preserved Fryasburg intact, and I can add that Frya’s or God’s language has been preserved equally intact here. Here at Texland, therefore, schools must be established.  From all states that keep up the old ways, the young folk must be sent here. Those who are fully educated can thereafter help the others in their homeland. If the other nations wish to buy your iron goods and speak about it with you, and bargain, they must return to God’s language. If they learn God’s language, the words ‘fri-sa’ (being free) and ‘rjucht-ha’ (having justice) will begin making sense to them. In their brains, it will begin to gleam and glow, until all come to bear the flame. This flame will devour all bad princes and all hypocritical, sneaking priests.”
The messengers from near and far were pleased by this writing, but no schools ever came of it. Then Adel established schools himself. After him, the other princes did likewise. Every year, Adel and Ifkia went to inspect the schools. If they found among the natives and returnees such who expressed mutual friendship, they were both very pleased. If some of them swore each other friendship, Adel and Ifkia invited all the people to gather together and, with great ceremony, had their names written in a book, which they called the “Book of Friendship”, and  afterwards held a celebration.
All these actions were taken to reunite the sundered branches of Frya’s tree. But the maidens, who envied Adel and Ifkia, said that they only did it to acquire a good reputation, and to gradually bring the states of other people under their rule.
[p.215] his wife, he said, who had been maagd of Texland, had received a copy of it. In Texland many writings are still found which are not copied in the book of the Adelingen. One of these writings had been placed by Goss with her last will, which was to be opened by the oldest maiden, Albetha, as soon as Friso was dead.
Here is the Writing with Gosa's Advice.
When Wr-alda gave children to the mothers of mankind, he gave one language to every tongue and to all lips. This gift Wr-alda had bestowed upon men in order that by its means they might make known to each other what must be avoided and what must be followed to find salvation, and to hold salvation to all eternity. Wr-alda is wise and good, and all-foreseeing. As he knew that happiness and holiness would flee from the earth when wickedness could overcome virtue, he has attached to the language an equitable property. This property consists in this, that men can neither lie nor use deceitful words without stammering or blushing, by which means the innately bad are easily known.
As thus our language opens the way to happiness and blessedness, and thus helps to guard against evil inclinations, it is rightly named the language of the gods, and all those by whom it is held in honour derive honour from it. But what has happened? As soon as among our half brothers and sisters deceivers arose, who gave themselves out as servants of the good, it soon became otherwise. The deceitful priests and the malignant princes, who always clung together, wished to live according to their own inclinations, without regard to the laws of right. In their wickedness they went [p.217] so far as to invent other languages, so that they might speak secretly in anybody's presence of their wicked and unworthy affairs without betraying themselves by stammering, and without showing a blush upon their countenances. Bat what has that produced? Just as the seed of good herbs which has been sown by good men in the open day springs up from the ground, so time brings to light the evil seed which has been sown by wicked men in secret and in darkness.
The wanton girls and effeminate youths who consorted with the immoral priests and princes, taught the new language to their companions, and thus spread it among the people till God's language was clean forgotten. Would you know what came of all this? how that stammering and blushing no longer betrayed their evil doings;—virtue passed away, wisdom and liberty followed; unity was lost, and quarrelling took its place; love flew away, and unchastity and envy met round their tables; and where previously justice reigned, now it is the sword. All are slaves—the subjects of their masters, envy, bad passions and covetousness. If they had only invented one language things might possibly have still gone on well; but they invented as many languages as there are states, so that one people can no more understand another people than a cow a dog, or a wolf a sheep. The mariners can bear witness to this. From all this it results that all the slave people look upon each other as strangers; and that as a punishment of their inconsiderateness and presumption, they must quarrel and fight till they are all destroyed.
[p.219] Here is my Counsel.
If you wish that you alone should inherit the earth, you must never allow any language but God's language to pass your lips, and take care that your own language remains free from outlandish sounds. If you wish that some of Lyda's children and some of Finda's children remain, you must do the same. The language of the East Schoonlanders has been perverted by the vile Magyars, and the language of the followers of Kaltana has been spoiled by the dirty Gauls. Now, we have been weak enough to admit among us the returned followers of Hellenia, but I anxiously fear that they will reward our weakness by debasing our pure language.
Many things have happened to us, but among all the citadels that have been disturbed and destroyed in the bad time, Irtha has preserved Fryasburgt uninjured; and I may remark that Frya's or God's language has always remained here untainted.
Here in Texland, therefore, schools should be established; and from all the states that have kept to the old customs the young people should be sent here, and afterwards those whose education is complete can help those who remain at home. If foreigners come to buy ironwares from you, and want to talk and bargain, they must come back to God's language. If they learn God's language, then the words, "to be free" and "to have justice," will come to them, and glimmer and glitter in their brains to a perfect light, and that flame will destroy all bad princes and hypocritical dirty priests.
The native and foreign messengers were pleased with that writing, but no schools came from it. Then Adel established schools himself. Every year Adel and Ifkja went to inspect the schools. If they found a friendly feeling [p.221] existing between the natives and foreigners, they were extremely pleased. If there were any who had sworn friendship together, they assembled the people, and with great ceremony let them inscribe their names in a book which was called the Book of Friendship, and afterwards a festival was held. All these customs were kept up in order to bring together the separate branches of Frya's race; but the maidens who were opposed to Adel and Ifkja said that they did it for no other reason than to make a name for themselves, and to bring all the other states under their subjection.
- ↑ ‘and the masters’ (ÀND THA HÉRA) — added to make sense of the sentence; these words may have been forgotten by the author or missed by a copyist.
- ↑ ‘creeping’ (SMÛGRIGE) — or: sneaking, intruding; used twice, only in this chapter (see [162/15]. Translated by others as ‘dirty’ after Dutch ‘smerig’, but Old Frisian ‘smuga’ means to creep, sneak, intrude. Probable cognates are ‘smuggle’ and Dutch/German ‘smeken/smeicheln’.
- ↑ ‘returnees’ (UTHÉMAR) — lit.: foreigners, referring here to re-migrants from the Indus Valley (Panj-ab), Athens and the Ionian Islands.
Next Chapter: En 16f Panj-ab Report
Alternative order: En 15e Gosa's Will