En 05b Regulations and Penalties

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    Ott 2023

    5b. Regulations and Penalties

    [040/26] To maintain security, these regulations and penalties have been established:

    (Finda’s folk also have regulations and penalties. However these are not founded on justice, but made only to benefit the priests and princes. That is why their cities are constantly full of discord and murder.) [041]

    1. If someone is in need and unable to help himself, the maidens must make it known to the aldermen, because it does not befit a proud Frya to do so himself.

    2. If someone becomes poor because he is unwilling to work, he must be driven out of the land, because the cowardly and lazy are troublesome and spiteful; therefore, they ought to be expelled.

    3. Every young man ought to seek a bride and, when he is twenty-five, he should have a wife.

    4. If someone is twenty-five and without a spouse, everyone must ban him from their homes; the young men must shun him. If he still will not take a spouse, he must be declared dead, so that he leaves the country and cannot cause trouble here.

    5. If a man is impotent, he must openly declare that no one has to fear or mistrust him; then he may come or go where he likes.

    6. If, after this, he practices unlawful sexual relations, he will have to flee.[1] For, if he does not, he will be left to the vengeance [042] of those he has betrayed, and no one may help him.

    7. If someone has some goods and another covets them so much that he lays his hands on them, then he must repay thrice the value. If he ever steals again, he must be exiled to the tin mines. The person robbed may forgive him if he pleases, but if it happens once more, no one can grant him freedom.

    Notes

    1. ‘unlawful sexual relations’ (HORDOM) — lit.: ‘whoredom’.

    Sandbach 1876

    [p.59 cont] To secure this, these laws and regulations are made.

    The people of Finda have also their rules and regulations, but these are not made according to what is just—only for the advantage of priests and princes—therefore their states are fall of disputes and murder.

    1. If any man falls into a state of destitution, his case must be brought before the count by the maidens, because a high-minded Frisian cannot bear to do that himself.

    2. If any man becomes poor because he will not work, he must be sent out of the country, because the cowardly and lazy are troublesome and ill-disposed, therefore they ought to be got rid of.

    3. Every young man ought to seek a bride and to be married at five-and-twenty. [p.61]

    4. If a young man is not married at five-and-twenty, he must be driven from his home, and the younger men must avoid him. If then he will not marry, he must be declared dead, and leave the country, so that he may not give offence.

    5. If a man is impotent, he must openly declare that no one has anything to fear from him, then he may come or go where he likes.

    6. If after that he commits any act of incontinence, then he must flee away; if he does not, he may be given over to the vengeance of those whom he has offended, and no one may aid him.

    7. Any one who commits a theft shall restore it threefold. For a second offence he shall be Bent to the tin mines. The person robbed may forgive him if he pleases, but for a third offence no one shall protect him.


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